|It is being realized that environment and development are
inseparable,since development goals are only achievable through a certain environmental
quality. It is for this reason that the United Nations Environment Program emphasized the
concept of sustainable development and stressed the importance of selecting appropriate
technologies which can make possible the meeting of human needs within the constraints of
a sustainable environmental resource base.
In recent years national governments and
international community have been engaged in a simultaneous and fundamental reappraisal of
environment and development problems and awareness building among populations.
This process stimulated summit meetings, conferences, formal and informal meetings
aimed at finding solutions to these problems.
A powerful learning experience took place in Rio as leaders from all parts of the world
shared their concern for the global crisis. The Earth Summit laid the groundwork for
important shifts in policies throughout the world. The Summit spawned widespread
recognition of a powerful change in thinking that is now underway in both industrial and
developing countries. Moreover, this conference was only the first in a continuous series
of worldwide meetings to discuss and implement a new generation of global treaties aimed
at promoting sustainable economic progress and healing the relationship between
civilization and the fragile ecological system of the Earth.
The process also stimulated numerous publications in English as separate editions and
as printed materials for the conferences, etc. They cover the problems of planet
management, land and water resources, climate warming, ozone layer depletion and other
environment and development issues.
The development of these issues revealed the appearance of a new vocabulary stratum -
terms used in the sphere of environment and development.
The purpose of GLEAD is to help Russian speaking LEAD associates and fellows as well as
a wide range of users in translating and comprehending notions and terms they may come
across in modern western and international English language publications.